The word home, Casa in Spanish, is used in the general sense of a dwelling or a place to which we return after work. Home is family. The people who are close to us, who live near us, are our housemates. When talking about his home, a person does not think about where exactly he lives. It may not be a house, but an apartment in a high-rise or a room in a communal apartment. Starting your search of a house in Spain you will come across unfamiliar names of typical houses in Spain. They all have certain characteristics and differences.
Old house in the city center (casa del pueblo)
Travelling through the narrow streets of Spanish towns you may notice that the houses as if glued to each other by the outer walls. However, a separate front entrance to the house immediately gives away that this is not a low-rise block of apartments, and a private home within the city — casa del pueblo.
In most cases we are talking about an old building. It so happens that the cities on the coast of Spain grew out of the fishing villages (pueblo). And although the construction of apartment buildings is increasing every year, in the center are still preserved old houses of the last century. The advantages of buying a house in the city is the proximity to stores, bars and cafes and all urban infrastructure.
Typically, these houses are located near the beach line or on pedestrian streets. Disadvantages — no garage, small plot of land, unattractive views from the window of the neighboring buildings.
The new house in the city center (duplex, chalet).
In place of demolished old buildings were erected modern private homes. Duplex — a private two-storey house. The name duplex applies to duplex apartments. They usually have 2-3 bedrooms located on the second floor, living-dining room with access to the balcony, 2-3 bathrooms, upper terraces. The price depends on the area, number of rooms, location and availability of garage.
House with neighbors in the type of townhouse (casa adosada)
Adjoining townhouse houses can also be located near the city center, supermarkets, schools and commercial centers.
These houses are built according to a standard pattern and contain a small plot of land, a garage and a common pool for all users, located in the condominium. And they are relatively inexpensive. Corner townhouses are in high demand. The price for them is always 20% higher. The approximate cost of a typical townhouse with neighbors ranges from 200,000 to 500,000 euros.
Adjoining cottage ( casa pareada)
This is a house for two families with two independent plots and separate entrances. The number of bedrooms usually 3-4, garage, swimming pool, 3 bathrooms.
A detached private house (chalet independiente, casa).
This name covers a very wide range of descriptions of private homes in real estate listings. It is a separate house in the city, and the house outside the city limits, the house in urbanization, etc. Number of bedrooms from two to four, approximate area of 250 -300 m2, several bathrooms, it is supposed to have its own pool, land, garage — this is a typical data of this type of houses in Spain. Prices for chalets can range from 300,000 euros and above.
Luxury real estate — villa (torre, alto standing, casa de lijo)
Villas in Spain are houses with large well-maintained lots of land, located in elite settlements (urbanization) outside the city. Typically they have more than 4 bedrooms, large garages for 3-4 cars, a swimming pool and many other advantages.
Villa in something similar to the jewelry. Each has its own personality and appeal that is difficult to appreciate.
Antique buildings are mostly made of natural stone, located on plots of land of several hectares. The age of such estates can range from a hundred years to a thousand and a half.
Masiya is a style of life in the lap of nature, in solitude. Most such houses are far from the coast, usually at least a few kilometers (or even a few tens of kilometers) from the coastline in the mountainous area, so that the masia on the sea is extremely rare. Masiya can be used as a commercial property, hotel or restaurant. Rural tourism has recently become very popular in Spain.
How not to make a mistake when choosing a property in Spain
It is unfortunate that people pay little attention to the issue of choosing the right place for their future home in Spain. Where do I start my search and how do I formulate my request to Spanish real estate agents? How to get more information in order to make the right decision when choosing a city, province or region in Spain?
All too often we take as a basis the opinions of friends and acquaintances, agitating to buy something in their neighborhood or, having visited a foreign real estate exhibition, are satisfied with advertising avenues and magazines, decorated by professional photographers, which fascinate buyers with beautiful interiors and views of the sea and swimming pools.
Most of the future property owners have only visited Spain once, staying in a hotel.
Perception of Spain through the prism of the hotel in a short time is unlikely to be a good ally in choosing your future home. And the allure of buying can quickly crumble like a sand castle in the first year of vacation. How to properly explain to a real estate agent, and yourself, where you would prefer to spend your vacation with your family.
And here I would not be guided by the principle — closer to the sea and cheaper. There are many other factors that affect the cost of real estate, such as: the presence of harmful industries near the city, or the sudden discovery that in the neighborhood of your house live a large number of immigrants from Africa or the Roma communities from Romania.
Moscow residents understand why the cost per square meter of an apartment in Kapotnya is lower than on Leninsky Prospekt. The same housing valuation laws apply here as well. But the only question is whether real estate agents in Spain are interested in revealing all the secrets to us? Why do we blindly trust the opinion of people working in the sales office of foreign real estate, if most of us are skeptical of the obsessive sellers of the «miracle pot» or «miracle drill»? By the way, at the shows in Moscow and St. Petersburg I met Spanish real estate salesmen who have never been to Spain themselves, let alone had any experience of living there!
To form your own opinion try to answer the following questions for yourself. They will help you make the right decision not to regret the purchase.
Buy an apartment or house in Spain?
The Spanish real estate market is rich with offers for every taste and financial capabilities: apartments exclusively for summer holidays, luxury maisonettes with large terraces and communal swimming pool, economy-class homes, villas with large plots of land, and many other proposals. The main argument is almost always the financial capacity, but it is also important to consider the number of people in your family, whether you will vacation together and for how long, whether you plan to invite friends and relatives, no plans to live permanently in Spain? In my opinion, it is better to go from the desired to the possible, as credit conditions in Spain prove that the mortgage is the norm of modern life.
Property in Spain for permanent or summer residence?
Does the hustle and bustle of the tourist areas in the city annoy you? The street cafes in the city center in summer are bustling day and night. Conversely, how willing are you to be alone in a «dead» village in the winter, when all the neighbors dispersed, because this village is designed exclusively for recreation in the summer months? It is better to look for the «golden mean» of course.
Buy a house in Spain in the city or town?
Is it important to have walking distance to public transport, supermarkets, bars and restaurants, medical and sports centers?
Are you willing to get behind the wheel every time you want to have a cup of coffee with a croissant or buy fresh bread? How much would you like to spend on driving from home to Barcelona, Girona? Do all members of your family drive a car, or is public transport a must?
For the first week, you may not want to leave the beach or get out of your own house pool. Museums, exhibitions, amusement parks, soccer matches and even the banal shopping — without all these components your vacation might seem to «drag on».